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History of Technology in the Classroom

Historical Timeline...


hornbook.gif

       

Hornbook

  • The Hornbook was created to teach children a lesson in two different and distinct ways. A hornbook is a wooden paddle with writings on it. The writings usually had a religious topic on them in which the students learned everyday. A few things of what they learned were the Lord’s Prayer, and a praise of the Trinity.

Paper 1700’s

  • When daily newspapers and pamphlets became commonplace in the 1600's, paper was further utilized for education to massively print texts like the New England Primer.

The New England Primer

  • The New England Primer combined the study of the alphabet with Bible reading. Each letter was introduced in a biblical phrase and also religious question and answers. Some of the alphabet rhymes that taught religious moral values as well as reading were:

A In Adam’s fall, We sinned all.

B Thy Life to Men, This Book Attend.

C The Cat doth play, And after slay.

D a Dog will bite, A thief at night.

E An eagle’s flight, Is out of sight.

F The Idle Fool. Is Whipt at School.

 

Slates

  • Slates were like small portable blackboards that were used in the United States when paper was scarce and expensive. Students practiced a lesson in class and than taken up to the teacher to be check. The lesson could be than erased and the student could work on the next assignments

 

Chalk board

  • Teachers used the Chalkboards to visually represent information to a roomful of students all at once

 

Fountain Pen

  • An insurance broker by the name of Lewis Waterman was fed up of the inconvenience of the pen and ink well and invented the fountain pen which had a ink reservoir incorporated into the pen itself.

 

Lead Pencil

  • . Along with the invention of the fountain pen, a lead pencil was also developed in the 1800’s by the Eagle Pencil Company, founded by Alfred Berol in 1856.

 

Typewriter

  • . The first modern typewriter was patented in 1868 by a U.S. mechanical engineer by the name of Christopher Latham Sholes. This might have also been one of the first mechanical devices introduced to the field of education.

 

Film

  • . Before long films had its common place in the classroom, educational films were rare and very costly. It was used to show powerful and unforgettable images similar to the civil war films.

 

             1. Radio

              Radio-Many people contributed to the invention of radio
   A.      Marconi, Gugliemo
   B.      Wireless
   C.      Government
         2.             Television
   A.      Prior  1935
   B.      1935-41
   C.      Television & WWII
          3.          Sputnik
                        A.  What is it, year?
                        B.  Soviet Union
                       C. What did the United States  Do?

         4.          National Defense & Education Act 1958
   A.      Focus group
   B.      Primary Subjects
   C.      Higher education

       5.        Elementary and Secondary Education Act 1965
   A.      Enactment
   B.      Purpose
   

Chester Carlson, was the inventor of the photocopier. He made history when he invented the first “photocopy” using a zinc plate covered with sulphur. He used a microscope with the words “10-23-Astoria” written on it. He placed the slide on top of more sulphur and under a bright light. After the slide was removed, a mirror image of the words remained. This was the first image of a photocopy

  6.         Computers
   A.      YEAR
   B.      Who invented it
   C.      It’s initial purpose
       7.       Internet
   A.      ARPA

History of Computers

National Defense of Education Initiative

More History on the Chalkboard

New England Primer